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Short Story

Short Story Tanjung Rhu

Short Story Tanjung Rhu: Synopsis, Character and Characteristics, Theme, Value and Messages, Tone Mood and Atmosphere, Language Style

Synopsis Short Story Tanjung Rhu
Respect for the elders and traditional practices matter in Tanjung Rhu, the short story by Minfong Ho. Times can change, people can change but some things stay. Mr. Li who had lost his mother is nostalgic as he looks at the ships in the harbour. He uses the binoculars that he had bought for his mother to look at the ships and count them.

When he had given them to her, his mother had told him that she had everything she needs. However, she had been excited to think that she could see her husband’s old shipyard with the binoculars. Mr. Li had reminded her that it had been torn down years ago. But she tells him that she can always see Tanjung Rhu ‘behind my eyes.’ He invites her to his office so that she can see Tanjung Rhu from there. It was their home when they were not rich; a place where there was the smell of delicious food and the comfort of holding someone’s hand.

The next morning, Li’s mother tells Li that if something is to be done, it must be done right and carefully she follows the rituals at the altar while the granddaughter comments that ‘she always has to do just what she wants.’ Mr. Li tells his daughter to be more respectful of his mother.

At the office, Li’s mother sees the ships with the binoculars but remembers moments when she walked with a little boy who counted the ships. Mr. Li tries to communicate with her but it is too late. She is very ill. He wonders about those times and is sad that he never took the time to listen to her. His daughter seems to understand his mother better. After his mother’s death, Mr. Li follows the same rituals at the altar as his mother did. He feels at peace.

Themes Short Story Tanjung Rhu
Traditions and rituals count in life.
Being modern does not mean that old customs and practices should be cast aside. Mr. Li’s mother follows rites and rituals at the altar meticulously while the granddaughter wishes to hurry her. Her son allows her to do what she wishes but appreciates the real value of it only after she is gone. He then follows the practices too.

Filial love is an important quality to uphold.
Mr. Li loves his mother and wants to please her. Just as she looked after him when he was small and held his hand, he wants to hold her hand and guide her now. There is a slight communication gap which the granddaughter tries to bridge. But the granddaughter loves her father and cares for his well-being. There is much love and understanding in this family despite temporary lapses.

Material things do not really count
Li’s mother says that she does not need the binoculars as she can always see the things that matter in her mind. She has what she needs and things don’t matter. She does not need the things that can be bought. All the things that matter are in her mind. She remembers her late husband well. She still remembers the wonderful memories of Tanjung Rhu when Li was small and together they caught crabs. Li’s wife is trapped in the social activities which are superficial and meaningless.

Characters Short Story Tanjung Rhu
Mr. Li
 The 63 year-old, rich shipyard owner who has just lost his mother. He likes to count the ships at the harbour.
 A caring man – bought binoculars for his mother so that she can see faraway things better. Hr advises his daughter Ying to listen to his mother as she prays.
 Loves his mother and scolds the daughter for being rough with his mother.
 Torn between believing in the age-old customs and modern ways.
 He needs the blessings of his parents to find strength and comfort.

Li’s mother
• A gentle lady, who has come out of tough times and is now old and frail.
• Her son loves her – takes her to the office so that she can see Tanjung Rhu through the binoculars
• She has no need for things and wants love and care.
• Has a good relationship with Ying, the granddaughter who is proud that she can do the right things for her.
• Has a strong belief in age-old customs and does them carefully and respectfully.
• A remarkable woman who holds the generations together.
Helen
• She is Mr. Li’s wife.
• Enjoys tea parties with friends, much to the displeasure of Mr. Li.

Ying
• She is Mr. Li’s daughter
• Young and modern but very kind and understanding
• Shows sensitivity and gentleness beyond her years–loving to the grandmother; understands her needs better than others.
• Tries to bridge the relationship between her father and his mother

Plot Short Story Tanjung Rhu
 It was just after his mother died and Mr. Li feels an emptiness – as if he had not done something. He looks out of the office window with his binoculars and counts the ships in the harbour as he has always done.

 He remembers that he had bought the binoculars for his mother. However he told his wife that he had bought them for the children. His wife, Helen was busy with her tea parties.

 Li’s mother tells Li that she does not need things one buys as she has all that she needs.

 But she is happy to think that she can probably see Tanjung Rhu with the binoculars. She wants to see her husband’s old shipyard in Tanjung Rhu but Li reminds her that it was torn down 30 years ago. She says that she can still see the shipyard in her mind. She agrees to go with him to see his office.

 The next day, she prays at the family altar as she wants to tell her husband that she is visiting her son’s workplace. Her granddaughter Ying tries to help her with the rituals to hurry her up but she will not be hurried. She must do it exactly as she did it before. Mr. Li makes his daughter listen to his mother’s conversation with his late father.

 From the office windows, Mr Li’s mother was not able to see the ships but she sees in her mind a small boy walking on the beach while counting the fishing boats. She sees their old hut and herself walking on the beach with the crabs they had caught.

 Mr. Li wishes he could go back to those times when he could smell the salt and fish and rice cooking over the wood fires. He remembers a time when he walked holding someone’s hand. He wishes he had asked about it but she is dying and remembers little. His daughter Ying tries to help him reach her. But it is too late.

 Mr. Li realises that he has to do one more thing and that is to go home and take care of the altar. He goes home, pays his respects at the altar and finds comfort in praying at the altar as his mother had done before.

Setting
Physical Setting

It is set in Singapore. The family is fairly affluent as Mr. Li is a shipyard owner although at one time, he was living in a hut in Tanjung Rhu.

Social Setting
Mrs. Li has tea parties with her friends, a social practice of the rich where rich cakes and perfumes feature. The son is studying in Cambridge while the daughter is going to New York soon. The house, the altar and their lifestyle reflect their wealth and position in society.

Time
It is set in the recent past and could apply to the present times too.

Moral Values
Respect
People should be respectful of their elders. Mr. Li reminds Ying to show respect to his mother. He himself does things to please her.

Traditions should be maintained
Respect to the ancestors must be shown for they will bless the living.

Kindness and consideration matter
Ying feels that what she does for her grandmother is more meaningful (she gives blood) than what the second aunt brought for her [burial clothes, page 31]. Some customs can be painful. Mr. Li remembers vaguely his mother holding his hand when he was a child while catching crabs. He wishes he had asked her more about that time. That he follows her rituals is his way of showing respect, love and consideration to her.

Point of View
It is written in the third person point of view. We see everything through Mr. Li’s eyes and perspective.

Tone and Mood
Since the theme is serious and tugs at the heart strings, the tone is essentially reserved and sombre. Love and warmth are subtly woven into the story and there is a gentle sensitivity that seeps through. Even though there is death, it is dealt with in a delicate manner. One comes away with a sense of loss but with hope for a better future.

Language and Style
The language used is simple and brisk. The realistic descriptions deal with ordinary and commonplace things but are charming and touching. Li’s mother’s memories are ‘behind her eyes’ and she uses ‘the see-far glasses’ to see Tanjung Rhu. The writer’s prose becomes almost poetic and is most suitable for the story of loss and nostalgia.

Imagery
Many passages deal with the descriptions of places which form a perfect backdrop for the emotions at play.
The wind catching their sails (page 30); Feel of the sand between his toes (page 30);
Coldness of seaweed around his ankles (page 30); Thin silver line…night and day, sea and sky…. (page 33); Altar is the line between life and death (page 35)

Simile
Similes make the descriptions more vivid.
She, fixed at their centre like a tree…. countless fruits had grown (page 22)
Eyes…as blank as office windows (page 28)
Her face….. like a fruit left to dry… (page 30)
Eyes like colourless stones (page 31-32)
Fingers looked like a piece of seaweed (page 33)

Flashback
Li’s mother looks back on the old days and remembers Tanjung Rhu with much fondness. (page 23 – 28)
Li himself remembers the things that happened in Tanjung Rhu and wishes to go back in time. (page 30)

Proverb
Li uses a Chinese proverb to tell his daughter that his mother has lived long enough to have gone through many experiences and definitely knows more.
She has eaten more salt than you have eaten rice. (page 26)

Short Story Tanjung Rhu: Muat Turun Nota
Nota Ringkas: Tingkatan 4

Short Story

Short Story Fair

Short Story

Short Story Cheat!

Short Story

Short Story Leaving

Short Story

Short Story Tanjung Rhu

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Categories
Short Story

Short Story Leaving

Short Story Leaving: Synopsis, Character and Characteristics, Theme, Value and Messages, Tone Mood and Atmosphere, Language Style

Synopsis Short Story Leaving
Leaving, set in Tanzania is about a young man’s dream to go abroad to study. His mother is reluctant to let him go for various reasons. Her husband’s early death had made life difficult but she had managed to bring up five children by herself. Two of the older girls are married and Firoz the older brother is working in a big shop. She wants the younger two to do well in their studies and thus, sells the store to move to Upanga, a smaller and quieter town.

An ex-teacher from America, Mr. Datoo inspires Aloo and he decides to apply to the universities there. To his great joy, Aloo obtains a scholarship to study medicine in America and thus, wishes to reject the offer to study agriculture locally.

His mother, however, is unhappy to let him go so far away. She tells him that they will still need some money to pay for the air ticket and other expenses. She also feels that it will be hard to let him go from home. She is dismayed and feels betrayed that he wishes to go without considering her feelings.

Seeing his eagerness, she decides to talk to the school officer to get some advice. Mr. Velji, the officer tells her that Aloo will get a good education abroad but that she may lose her son. Aloo states firmly that children going abroad do not get lost.

Aloo’s mother advises him not to give up his values and beliefs before she can allow him to go. Aloo is thrilled to be in a foreign land and writes home excitedly on seeing London where he stopped over on the way to America. But his mother wonders sadly if he will ever return to the family again.

Themes Short Story Leaving
Grab the opportunity.
Aloo has a chance to improve himself, if he fails to take it, such an opportunity may not come again.

Making sacrifices for the family.
Aloo’s mother sacrifices her chances of a second marriage and a better life for the sake of the children. She sacrifices again by letting Aloo go to America out of love for him and because she wants him to do well in life. Aloo promises not to marry a white girl or take up bad habits because he loves his mother. He is also willing to make some sacrifices.

Not losing one’s values and beliefs.
Aloo promises not to marry a white girl or take up smoking and drinking. Migrating in search of greener pastures will always remain an option.

Family, heritage and traditions matter in every home.
Aloo belongs to a warm and loving family. His mother cares for his well-being and he cares about her. Moving from one continent to another does not mean that one should give up traditions and customs followed for centuries.

Conflicts arise but can be overcome with rational thinking and consideration.
Aloo wants to study in America and his mother is unwilling to let him go. However, rational thinking prevails and she agrees to let him go as it is for his good. She cares for his happiness and knows that he is an intelligent person who will use the opportunities well. Aloo too will not go against his mother but is disappointed that he cannot go overseas and there lies his personal conflict. He wants to make something of himself but obstacles are there.

Aloo
 The youngest in the family. Gifted student, gets straight A’s in his results; inspired by an ex-teacher to apply to go to an American university. Wants to study medicine, not agriculture as required by the local university. Wins scholarship in America but is disappointed when his mother is reluctant to let him go.

 A loving son. Cries when his mother expresses her fear that she may lose her son.

 Happy when his mother relents and allows him to go to America. Loves his family; he is not defiant and wants everyone’s love and support.

 Delighted to see London, thrilled with everything new. Thirsting for knowledge. Very eager to better himself and reach for the stars, has a great potential to do well. Promises to uphold the principles of his culture and traditions and not take up bad habits.

The Mother
 Lost her husband at 33, had to look after 5 children. Refuses to re-marry as she does not want the children to be sent to a children’s home.
 Very hard-working, raises 5 children, gets 2 daughters married off, elder son takes a job, concentrates on improving the lives of the younger two.
 Moves town so that they can do better at school.
 Loves her children so much that she finds it hard to let them go.
 Sensitive to their needs, so relents finally to Aloo going abroad
 A very good mother, if she is selfish, it is out of love for her children.
 A proud, independent woman, she is a woman of substance.

Mehroon
 Lives with her husband in town.

Razia
 Rich housewife, lives in Tanga on the coast north of Dar es Salaam

Firoz
 The older brother, drops out of school.
 Works in the office of a big shop.

Mr. Datoo
Ex-teacher, returns from America to visit. A favourite of the boys, inspires Aloo to apply to an American university.

Mr. Velji
 A school officer, with a large head and small neat body, wears black glasses and looks clever.
 He is impressed with Aloo’s results and advises him to take up the offer to study in America. Warns the mother that she may lose him.

The Narrator
 The youngest daughter in the family. It is from her point of view that we see the family. Smart, studying at the university.
 Caring, sees her mother’s pain and understands what she has gone through. Supportive and loving too.
 Observant and sensitive, knows that her brother really wants to go overseas and is not keen on studying locally.

Plot Short Story Leaving
 The narrator’s mother is sad when the older daughters get married and leave home. Her older brother doesn’t finish school. He takes a job in a big shop. Now the mother wants the youngest two children to do well in their studies and thus sells their store. She moves to a smaller town so that they can concentrate on their studies.

 Mr. Datoo, an ex-teacher comes from America to visit and inspires Aloo to apply to study at an American university. To Aloo’s delight, Aloo is accepted by the California Institution of Technology with a scholarship. He can now reject the offer to study agriculture at a local university. However, his mother is unhappy as she has to find some money for the airfare and other expenses. She is also angry that he wishes to go so far away from the family. Aloo is sadly disappointed with his mother’s attitude.

 Knowing Aloo’s feelings, she decides to meet one of the school officers, Mr. Velji to ask for advice. Mr. Velji is impressed with Aloo’s results and says that he should accept the offer but also says that she will lose her son as he is going very far away from the home. Aloo protests to his mother that many parents send their children overseas and do not lose them.

 Aloo’s mother relents and decides to let him go overseas for his education. Aloo is delighted but his mother is sad. The narrator looks at her mother and realises all the hardships her mother had gone through in bringing up the five children. Her mother had sacrificed much so that the children can be together and have a bright future.

 Aloo goes off to study after promising that he will not get into bad ways or give up his values and beliefs. Aloo writes excitedly from London where he stops over before proceeding to America. He is thrilled with all the wonderful things he sees there. He is very happy with the new opportunities presented to him while his mother wonders bleakly if she will see him again.

Setting Short Story Leaving
Physical setting
It is set in Upanga, Tanzania, a place where they can hear the sounds of insects and small animals. They are close to the wild land. It is a lonely, frightening place, the narrator says.

Social setting
Aloo’s family is interested in education and self-improvement. The mother is very hard-working and wants the best for her children. The people are generally poor. The mother is keen to break out of the poverty cycle though education.

Time
It is set in the present times.

Moral Values Short Story Leaving
Rational thinking is important.
Aloo’s mother has to stop being emotional and think rationally to bring happiness and peace back into the home. She is shown as being balanced and rational as she even sells her store and moves house to ensure that the children concentrate on their studies. She is willing to discuss Aloo’s future with a school officer before making a decision.

Diligence is what brings success to Aloo.
He is hard-working and smart. He does well in his studies and passes exams with distinctions. While applying to the American universities, Aloo reads up on the strange and interesting courses that are available and about the exciting new world that is waiting for him.

Responsibility can bring success in life.
Aloo’s mother is a responsible mother. She makes sacrifices for the sake of her children. Aloo is a responsible student as he does well in school and obtains a place in the university. He also wants to study medicine and is accepted by an American university purely on the basis of his results. He is very responsible. He even promises his mother that he will not do anything to upset her values and beliefs. He does not think selfishly or act defiantly. He only shouts at her on one occasion when he feels very disappointed that she gave him hope and then dashed it.

Point of View
The story is told in the first person point of view. In this case, it is the sister who is studying at the university. We see the relationship of the various members of the family through her eyes.

Tone and Mood
The tone is heartwarming and generally, reflects the love and care the family members have for each other. There is a caring sensitivity that runs through the story. The mood is positive and optimistic. There is a sense of hope because the main character wants to better himself and seek his fortune in the great wide world.

Language and Style
The language used is basically simple and direct. The interest in the story is sustained well and the reader gets caught in the conflict between the mother and the son. The reader wants to know if the son will go to America and if so, will he return as a filial son or will he forget his traditions and become Americanised? The simple descriptions develop the storyline well.

Literary Devices Short Story Leaving
Imagery

Descriptive words create interesting and vivid images in the reader’s mind. Leaves rustling in the wind (page 32); Wild land, with tall trees and at night it felt a lonely, frightening place (page 32); An exciting new world was waiting for him (page 33); Not made of stone (page 36); Wind…bringing some welcome cool air into the hot room (page 37); Worried, unsmiling face, a face with deep lines…. (page 38); Even the mountains are clean and tidy (page 40)

Simile
Mr. Velji …like a clever man (page 36); Walked in like a soldier (page 36)

Irony
Aloo’s mother refers to uncles in America who will pay money to send him to college! (page 32, 34)
Aloo has no such uncles and if he did have them, they may not pay for his education either! The mother is sarcastic as she herself is painfully aware that the family has no money to educate Aloo.

Short Story Leaving: Muat Turun Nota
Nota Ringkas: Tingkatan 4

Short Story

Short Story Fair

Short Story

Short Story Cheat!

Short Story

Short Story Leaving

Short Story

Short Story Tanjung Rhu

Rencana Sign Of Time

Gog And Magog

Rencana Sign Of Time

Usury

Hadis Rencana

Antara Kebajikan Dan Dosa

Berita Rencana

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia Teliti Cadangan Tempatkan Calon SPM, STPM Di Asrama

Hadis

Komunikasi Yang Baik

Sign Of Time

One Eye

Sign Of Time

Ten Sign Of Last Hour

Hadis

Mengeratkan Silaturrahim

Berita

Virus G4 EA H1N1 Ditemui Di China

Hadis

Mencari Rezeki Yang Halal

Berita

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Cuti Akhir Tahun Persekolahan 2020 Dipendekkan

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Mata Wang Dunia 2020

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Hadis

Kelebihan Solat Jenazah

Hadis

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KKM Mendedahkan 3 Produk Komestik Yang Mengandungi Racun Berjadual

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Categories
Short Story

Short Story Cheat!

Short Story Cheat!: Synopsis, Character and Characteristics, Theme, Value and Messages, Tone Mood and Atmosphere, Language Style

Synopsis Short Story Cheat!
 About two schoolchildren and their attitude to peer achievements and relationships.
 The short story competition is won by Geoff and he wins the Holmes-Watkins Medal.
 Lynne’s story is placed second and she feels disappointed.
 She learns to accept her failure and decides to let go.
 Then, she comes across a short story of write William Bradburie.
 Geoff’s story of a circus elephant’s escapade in the park is similar to Bradburie’s story.
 Immediately, Lynne assumes that Geoff has cheated and did not write his own story.
 She is in dilemma as to whether and how she should expose Geoff.
 The consequences may be too drastic for Geoff.
 During the class discussion on careers, lynne holds back exposing Geoff but later she inadvertently mentions the name Bradburie and notices Geoff’s reaction.
 A few minutes later, she is called into Headmaster Velo’s office and Geoff is ther too with the Holmes-Watkins Medal.
 Mr Velos explains that Geoff feels he might have taken his story from Bradburie’s collection.
 So, he decides to reverse the results and Lynne wins the prize.
 But, Lynne is unhappy with the way the situation has turned out.
 She begins to have doubts about her own story.

Themes Short Story Cheat!
1) Being judgemental Explanation
The short story is revolved around the theme of being judgemental. There are a few characters can be related to this theme. They might jump into conclusion too soon and it caused misunderstanding.

Examples: Lynne is one of the characters who is judgemental. After she read about the book written by William Bradburie in the library, she was filled with anger. She said that Geoff is cheating in the short story competition even though she has never read Geoff’s story before.

Another person related to the theme is Marge. She is the classmate for Geoff and Marge. When Geoff mentioned that he wanted to be a barrister or lawyer, Marge labelled him as money minded. It can be hurtful when we labelled someone.

2) Creative writing is not always original
A creative idea or innovation like is not always original because we will take idea and inspiration from different resources to make improvement. The same goes with story writing, the originality does not really exist because our story’s idea will come from the story that we read, our experience and our surrounding.

Example: Lynne emphasised the importance of originality in the writing. When she realised that Geoff is not cheating, she was wondering whether she had read any story related to the sheepdog in flood.

As for Geoff story, although his story idea is similar to William Bradburie’s story, Mr Velos told Lynne that the story is still consider original and Geoff is not cheating.

Moral Values
1) Honesty and courage
Honesty and courage are about being brave to tell someone the truth. We must take responsibility to the mistakes that we have done.
We consider that Geoff is an honest person. After Lynne shouted at Geoff, Geoff went to Mr Velos office to confess that he might be cheating due to the similarity of his story and William Bradburie’s story.

2) Perseverance
If we are perseverance, we will not give up easily even the job is challenging or difficult. We will keep on trying until we achieve success.
Lynne used weeks to complete the miserable story. She spent time to draft and rewrite the story. Although in the end, she won the second place in the competition, I personally consider that it is a good result from her hard work.

3) Avoid being judgemental
We must not be judgemental because the truth might be different from what we think. If we do not know the detail of the situation, we should not make the conclusion too soon.
After she read about the book written by William Bradburie in the library, she was filled with anger. She said that Geoff is cheating in the short story competition even though she has never read Geoff’s story before.

Characters
Lynne Webbings
Ambitious
Lynne had a big dream to win the Holmes-Watkins medal in the short story competition. When the result announced, she felt really disappointed.
Jealous and vengeful
Lynne was jealous and vengeful when Geoff won the competition. After she discovered that William Bradburie’s story was similar to Geoff’s story, she wanted to take revenge by reporting to Mr Velos so that she could win back the medal.
Persevering
Lynne used weeks to complete the miserable story. She spent time to draft and rewrite the story. Although in the end, she won the second place in the competition, I personally consider that it is a good result from her hard work.

Geoff Bolder
Humorous
Geoff tried to cheer Lynne by telling her a joke. Geoff joked about how Mr Velos picked the winner by climbing up to his lovely special mahagony desk and dropped both papers, and the papers that hit the floor first wins.
Realistic
Although Geoff has potential in writing, he wants to be a barrister because he says that there is more money in law.
Honest
Geoff confessed to Mr Velos that he had read a book by the American Humourist, William Bradburie three years ago.

Short Story Cheat!: Muat Turun Nota
Nota Ringkas: Tingkatan 2

Categories
Short Story

Short Story Fair

Short Story Fair Form 1

Short Story Fair: Synopsis, Character and Characteristics, Theme, Value and Messages, Tone Mood and Atmosphere, Language Style

Synopsis

The book is about three children Lee, Raj and Sam who were excited about going to the fair. That night, Raj’s father had agreed to take them there. They wanted to go on different rides at the fair. While Sam’s father was agreeable with the trip, Lee’s mother did not permit as she had no money to give Lee. The three friends thought of doing jobs to make money. They washed Sam;s dad’s car but ended up making mess and so were not paid. They walked Mrs Green’s dog and were paid a pound. However, the one pound had to be used to pay for a ball bitten by the dog. Finally, Lee managed to get the money to go to the fair because he was honest. He returned a wallet which he found on the ground to its owner. He was rewarded with five pounds.

Characters And Characteristics

Raj
1) Generous and persistent
2) Enjoyed going on ghost train ride

Sam
1) Vivacious and lively
2) Enjoyed going on the big wheel ride

Lee
1) Determined and honest
2) Enjoyed eating candy floss

Raj’s father
1) Loving
2) Willing to take children to the fair

Sam’s father
1) Caring
2) Allowed Sam to go to the fair but reminded her not to be home late

Lee’s mother
1) Firm
2) Did not allow Lee to go to the fair because of financial problem

Themes
1) Honesty
2) Friendship
3) Determination
4) Good neighborliness
5) Resourcefulness in the face of problems

Value and Messages
1) We must always be honest with friends and strangers.
2) We must think of ways to solve problems
3) We should not let problems get in out way
4) We must be willing to help friends and strangers
Tone, Mood and Atmosphere

Tone- excitement about going to the fair
Mood and atmosphere – happy, carefree and enthusiastic

Language and Style
1) Simple language and easy to understand
2) Style – simple style with a lot of dialogue

Short Story Fair: Muat Turun Nota
Nota Ringkas: Tingkatan 1